Breastfeeding: Food for Thought
by Tamara Crafts, RN
© 1994 Midwifery Today, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
[Editor's note: This article was first published in Midwifery Today Issue 29, Spring 1994. Reprinted in Midwifery Today's Breastfeeding
I am a registered nurse working in a certified nurse-midwifery practice
that offers clients a choice of birth center or hospital setting for birthing.
We serve a city with a population of 120,000. This population is diverse,
and becoming more so every day. We are seeing more women with overwhelming
social needs and crises during their pregnancies, such as homelessness,
mental illness, substance abuse, domestic violence, histories of child
abuse, lack of any support systems, and poverty so extreme that there
aren't adequate resources for food or other basic needs.
It is a challenge for us to provide prenatal and delivery care, as well
as to refer these women and families to resources for help while guiding
them to prepare for the child that will be born.
One of the ways in which our service has adapted to provide this care is to become
more holistic in our approach to pregnancy and birth. I have chosen to focus on breastfeeding
as a way to fit into this model of care. I provide breastfeeding assessment and education
through prenatal visits and classes. There is individual support and education for
women who have not felt successful with previous breastfeeding experiences. These
are the foundations to work from once the baby is born. This information and support
empowers women to trust their ability to breastfeed, and to trust their bodies and
their judgment. After the baby is born we offer on-call, in-home (if possible) breastfeeding
assistance. This way, women know that if they recognize that something isn't right,
they can get help. Because it might otherwise be a barrier to some families, there
is no extra charge for this support.
As mothers, we know that nursing strengthens the bond we have with our babies.
The nature of breastfeeding itself—the interdependence of mother and child to create
a successful breastfeeding relationship through the demand for, and supply of, human
milk—literally establishes a physical bond. This requires that the mother care for
the baby and have frequent close contact. I believe that this bonding that breastfeeding
fosters can help to prevent child abuse.
To suggest that breastfeeding can solve all of the difficulties of postpartum transition
would be naive. But breastfeeding provides so many benefits that it is important
not to take them for granted, or, on the other hand, not to give these benefits enough
weight when balancing out the pros and cons of breastfeeding in a challenging situation.
Another advantage to breastfeeding is the many well-known health benefits,
including: protection from infection; allergy prevention; decreased incidence
of diarrheal disease; decreased infant mortality; decreased infant obesity;
and decreased dental caries. All of these factors relate to lower health
care costs, and healthier, happier babies.
More recent research gives testimony to the miracle of human milk. Studies
show breast milk provides protection from major illnesses such as childhood
diabetes (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus), gastrointestinal diseases,
and some types of cancer (lymphomas). Research on human milk is continuing,
giving us more information about its benefits. There are many things that
we do not understand about how human milk is protective. I believe that
there is more good news still to come.
This article is an introduction to discussions about breastfeeding. In future articles,
I will explore other issues in more depth using case histories, examining current
practice methods and reviewing new research. Invite readers to write me, in care
of Midwifery Today, with ideas, questions and suggestions so we can begin a dialogue
Tamara Crafts lives in Eugene,
Oregon with her family. She is a member of the Lane County Breastfeeding Task
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